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Up OFA Hips OFA Elbows CERF OFA Thyroid OFA Cardiac von Willebrand's Bloat (GDV) Study Dog Owner's Reference

I have used this space on my website for good reason.  Be aware and beware of dogs that come from parents that are not health tested - Caveat emptor - Buyer Beware.  Don't just take a breeder's word for it, ask for an actual copy of the health certificates.  If a breeder tells you, "I don't test because I don't have any health problems in my lines", please find another breeder!

Although parents that have passed all tests can still produce affected offspring, your odds are much better if you are dealing with a breeder that is conscientious enough to spend the time and money to test their breeding stock. Do not hesitate to contact me concerning health issues. If I cannot answer your questions, I will find someone that can.

Everyone wants a beautiful dog.  Some people want a dog to show, some a dog to work, but we all want a healthy and sound companion.  It is your responsibility as a breeder or a buyer to make certain your companion has the best chance to fulfill those needs.

Click on the following underlined CAPITALIZED words ~ next to the flashing paw print ~ to go to a separate page with details about each health issue

Tests screened and reviewed by the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA) ~ 

HIP DYSPLASIA: X-ray screening for hip dysplasia and malformation of the hip joints. (Bad hip joints result in arthritis and pain which make it difficult for the dog to move  about and rise from lying down.)

ELBOW DYSPLASIA: X-ray screening for elbow dysplasia and malformation of the elbow joints. (Bad elbows can result in arthritis and pain. A dog with "bad" elbows might show slight outward rotation the paws, as well as a stiff or stilted movement of the forelegs.)

THYROID: Blood screening for thyroid/endocrine system inconsistencies. (Poor thyroid function or imbalances can result in a myriad of problems including hair loss, weight gain/loss, immune system problems and infertility.)

CARDIAC: Heart screening for cardiac defects. (Subaortic Stenosis "SAS", a possible cardiac disorder in Bouviers, ranges from having little or no impact on the dog's quality of life to severe cases, which cause sudden death.)

von Willebrand's: A genetic bleeding disorder, similar to hemophilia in humans, where the blood will not clot. (Uncontrollable bleeding after an injury or surgery which can lead to death.) 

For additional information about OFA (Orthopedic Foundation for Animals), please use the following link. You can obtain details about the testing as well as search for dogs that have been tested. www.offa.org<Use your back arrow to return here.

About Dog Health - Dog Health Illnesses, Symptom, Problems, and Care Info (AboutDogHealth.org). Answers to questions on dog health problems and care.


Tests screened and reviewed by the Canine Eye Registry Foundation (CERF): 

CERF: (Canine Eye Registry Foundation) - Ophthalmological screening for genetic defects of the eye. Includes screening for cataracts, glaucoma and other changes of the eye.

For additional information about CERF, please use the following link. You can obtain details about the testing as well as search for dogs that have been tested. http://www.vmdb.org/cerf.html  <Use your back arrow to return here.

 


Glossary:

Anatomic: of or relating to anatomy.

Aorta: the large arterial trunk that carries blood from the heart to be distributed by branch arteries through the body.

Apical: of, relating to, or situated at an apex. 

Angiocardiography: the roentgenographic visualization of the heart and its blood vessels after injection of a radiopaque substance.

Arterial: of or relating to an artery.

Arrhythmia: an alteration in rhythm of the heartbeat either in time or force.

Ascending Aorta: the part of the aorta from its origin to the beginning of the arch.

Atrioventricular: of, relating to, or situated between an atrium and ventricle; of, involving, or being the atrioventricular node.

Auscultation: the act of listening to sounds arising within organs (as the lungs or heart) as an aid to diagnosis and treatment.

Autoantibody: an antibody active against a tissue constituent of the individual producing it.

Autoimmune: of, relating to, or caused by antibodies or T cells that attack molecules, cells, or tissues of the organism producing them.

Cardiologist: A veterinarian with extensive training in cardiology.  A cardiologist will have training and experience that will lead to inclusion in the American College of Veterinary Cardiologists. Click here for a link to the ACVIM (Cardiac Specialty) website

Cardiomyopathy: a typically chronic disorder of heart muscle that may involve hypertrophy and obstructive damage to the heart.

Catheterization: the use of or insertion of a catheter (as in or into the bladder, trachea, or heart).

CHD: Congenital Heart Disease 

Congenital: existing at or dating from birth; constituting an essential characteristic; acquired during development in the uterus and not through heredity .

D-AVCR: Diplomate - American College of Veterinary Radiologists. Diplomate status indicates further advanced training and experience in a specific field. In this case, the individual has completed training and has passed examinations to have diplomate status as a veterinary radiologist.

Doppler: The output readings of an Echocardiogram; such as blood velocities in the heart chambers and vessels and heart rhythms. 

DVM: Doctor of Veterinary Medicine. A graduate degree requiring 4 years of training in veterinary medicine. This training includes clinical skill development.

Echocardiographic: the use of ultrasound to examine and measure structure and functioning of the heart and to diagnose abnormalities and disease.

Electrocardiograph: an instrument for recording the changes of electrical potential occurring during the heartbeat used esp. in diagnosing abnormalities of heart action.

Etiology(ies): all of the causes of a disease or abnormal condition.

False Positive: relating to or being an individual or a test result that is erroneously classified in a positive category (as of diagnosis) because of imperfect testing methods or procedures.


Genotype: An individual's unique assortment of genes inherited from both parents. The various genes that interact to determine a dog's coat color is an example of genotype.

Hypothyroidism: deficient activity of the thyroid gland; also, a resultant bodily condition characterized by lowered metabolic rate and general loss of vigor.

Intercostal: situated or extending between the ribs.

Modality: one of the main avenues of sensation (as vision).

Mitral valve: a valve in the heart consisting of two triangular flaps which allow only unidirectional flow from the left atrium to the ventricle -- called also left atrioventricular valve, bicuspid valve.

Monogenic: Coming from one ("mono") gene pair.

MS: Master of Science. This degree indicates the individual has completed an advanced curriculum in a specific area of study. Most Master's programs include course work and research.

Necropsy: an examination of the body after death usu. with such dissection as will expose the vital organs for determining the cause of death or the character and extent of changes produced by disease -- called also autopsy, postmortem, postmortem examination.

Pericardium: the conical sac of serous membrane that encloses the heart and the roots of the great blood vessels of vertebrates and consists of an outer fibrous coat that loosely invests the heart and is prolonged on the outer surface of the great vessels except the inferior vena cava and a double inner serous coat of which one layer is closely adherent to the heart while the other lines the inner surface of the outer coat with the intervening space being filled with pericardial fluid.

Pathology: the study of the essential nature of diseases and especially of the structural and functional changes produced by them; the anatomic and physiologic deviations from the normal that constitute disease or characterize a particular disease.

Phenotype: The outward production of the genotype, combined with environmental influences; the actual appearance or physical attributes of the individual.

Polygenic: Coming from more than one ("poly") gene pair. These traits are more complex than the typical dominant or recessive genetic trait. The additive interaction of the genes can cause variable results and the gene can be easily passed on to other generations without being identified.

Precordial: situated or occurring in front of the heart; of or relating to the precordium.

Precordium: the part of the ventral surface of the body overlying the heart and stomach and comprising the epigastrium and the lower median part of the thorax.

Pulmonary Artery: an arterial trunk or either of its two main branches that carry blood to the lungs.

Septa/Septum: a dividing wall or membrane.

Shunting: a passage by which a bodily fluid (as blood) is diverted from one channel, circulatory path, or part to another; such a passage established by surgery or occurring as an abnormality.

Specialist: A veterinarian with training in a given area that also includes post-graduate work in cardiology. For instance, and internal medicine specialist will also be trained in cardiology.

Subaortic Stenosis (SAS): aortic stenosis is produced by an obstruction/narrowing (lesion) in the left ventricle below the aortic valve.

Thoracic Cavity: the division of the body cavity that lies above the diaphragm, is bounded peripherally by the wall of the chest, and contains the heart and lungs.

Venous: full of or characterized by veins.

Thyroiditis: inflammation of the thyroid gland.

T3 (Triiodothyronine): a crystalline iodine-containing hormone that is an amino acid derived from thyroxine, and is used esp. in the form of its soluble sodium salt in the treatment of hypothyroidism and metabolic insufficiency --called also liothyronine T3.

T4: any of the T cells (as a helper T cell) that bear the CD4 molecular marker and become severely depleted in AIDS --called also T4 lymphocyte.

Thyroglobulin: an iodine-containing protein of the thyroid gland that on proteolysis yields thyroxine and triiodothyronine.

Ventricle: A veterinarian with training in a given area that also includes post-graduate work in cardiology. For instance, and internal medicine specialist will also be trained in cardiology.

Ventricular: of, relating to, or being a ventricle.

 

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